Selective Pallet Racking

Forklift loading a pallet in to pallet racking structure, selective pallet racking

Selective Pallet Racking

Selective Pallet Racking is the most common type of industrial/warehouse rack storage. As this form of racking is one pallet deep it allows flexible, simple and easy inventory control. It also allows for flexibility in the weight, size and volume of palletised products being stored.


Warehouse utilisation though is low compared to some other systems with 40% storage area compared to 60% operating and access area.


The great benefit of pallet racking, compared to structural designs of building, is its ease of erection and adjustment. When storage requirements change, adjusting racking levels is very simple.



Selective Pallet Racking comprises of two main components:


  1. Upright Frames are the vertical components of pallet racking.
    Upright Frame colour silver

    Upright Frame

    They are formed from upright columns, diagonal and horizontal bracing, and baseplates.The upright columns are generally lengths of flat coil steel that are rolled into a modified C channel with returns. Baseplates come in light, medium and heavy duty depending on the height of the Upright Frame and the load intended.

  2. Beams (or load beams) are the horizontal components of pallet racking.  They are designed to easily fit into the holes on the face of the upright frames. The more common types are box beams and step beams.
    Orange load beam


    Box beams have four flat sides like a box while Step Beams have an inset step allowing for shelving components like board, steel shelving or mesh decking to sit on them.

Many other additional components of selective pallet racking exist:

  1. Wiremesh decking (or meshdecks) are an ideal shelving solution for non-palletised products. They are much cleaner than board as dust doesn’t accumulate on them.
  2. Wiremesh backing is mainly used for health and safety purposes preventing product from falling out of racking onto people below.
  3. Board Supports lay between the load beams providing extra support to board or meshdecks
  4. Safety Clips are a mandatory part of load beams preventing accidental dislodgement of the beam from its upright frame.
  5. Row spacers (or Frame ties) are used to connect back-to-back selective racking rows.
  6. Shims (or packers) are steel levelling plates employed when the concrete floor is uneven.
  7. Upright Protectors are important for protecting the uprights from accidental forklift collision.
  8. Splice (extension) kits are used for extending the height of upright frames to increase the storage capacity of the pallet racking
  9. End barriers are placed at the end of a pallet racking row to provide protection from accidental machinery (forklift) collision
  10. Drum Cradles lie between load beams providing a cradle for cylindrical objects

PRQ offers a large range of pallet racking brands to either complement your existing racking or to complete your next warehouse project